Art and Culture

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Lebanese Art and Culture

Published on December 19th, 2015 | by EspaceSD

Lebanon as a Nation

A nation is a historically constituted, stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity and psychological make-up manifested in a common culture. Lebanon as a nation has all these qualities and even more. Lebanon is a nation that has a variety of outstanding arts and culture that call for tourism. In Lebanon, there are quite a lot of artistic works that make her one of the few nations in the world that controls a large number of tourists. The art and culture in Lebanon include:

  • Architecture
  • Literature
  • Sports
  • Music
  • Dance
  • Visual arts
  • Contemporary arts
  • Media
  • Cinema
  • Theatre
  • Fashion
  • Cuisine and, of course, anything that makes a nation rich in tourism.

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Arts and Culture

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Lebanon, as a matter of fact, is very rich in architectural works. The architectural works in Lebanon includedesigns of post independence development and also designs of the ancient ruling powers such as Phoenicians, French, Romans and even Ottomans. For instance, the entire city of Beirut is built in the style of Italianate. Some outstanding places in Beirut that you may find the Italianate style of structures includes: the streets of Rue Gourand and the current museum which is called Nicho,as well as the Sursock mansion. However, other parts of Lebanon also have one historical edifice or more to further attest to the fact that Lebanon is basically planned to showcase the rich architectural beauty of the world.

Literature

There are so many known world class authors who hail from Lebanon. One of them is Khalil Gibran (1883 – 1931). He was a native of Bsharri and the book that brought world class fame to him was The Prophet (1923). This book is widely accepted to an extent that it has been translated into well over 20 different languages. There are so many other writers from Lebanon who have achieved world class fame through their piece of written work, and these people include:Georges Schehadé, Amin Maalouf, Hanan al-Shaykh, and Elias Khoury.

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Music

One special thing about Lebanon is their unique way of music presentation. They have a traditional music known as folk, but they still try to blend Western and Arabic styles in order to come out with an outstanding pop music style. In Lebanon, the media shows good music such as the classical Arabic, modern French, traditional Lebanese, Armenian and even music having English, Latin and American tunes. They also have renowned traditional artists such as:Fairuz, Sabah, Wadih El Safi, Majida El Roumi, NajwaKaram and Marcel Khalife. For pop musicians, we have artists like:Lydia Canaan, Nancy Ajram, Haifa Wehbe as well as The 4 Cats, which is a music group made up of only female artists:Fadl, Shaker, Elissa, and Mika.
However, with the rate at which music is growing in Lebanon, it has been predicted by the World Intellectual Property Organization that it will become one of the leading countries in the Arab world when it comes to vocal entertainment. Thus, the artists in Lebanon are gaining a bigger audience as their music spans across the Arab region to regions such as Western Asia, but unfortunately piracy is a major inhibitor to the growth of music in Lebanon.


Top Artists in Lebanon

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Top Artists in Lebanon

Published on December 12th, 2015 | by EspaceSD

Economic Effect of Art

The works of art is what makes every nation attractive. In fact,art is beautiful and is a medium that can generate revenue for a nation. This is because art such as music will always sell across the borders of any nation, thereby enhancing the economy of that nation. On the other hand, paintings and sculpture are the major attraction of tourists for a nation. It may interest you to know that apart from other sources of revenue in Lebanon, art and culture is a primary way through which Lebanon makes huge amounts of income, owing to the fact that visitors come in numbers to patronize the handworks of men and women, purchasing their paintings and sculptures. In music, motion picture, and still picture industries in Lebanon, there are outstanding artists who not only make the nation proud but also bring popularity as well as revenue to the country of Lebanon.


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Top Artists

There are many artists who hail from Lebanon that are actually outstanding in their field of endeavor. They include:

Ali Cherri

He is an artist that directs his arts to socio-political affairs in the country both at its past and present state. He is also a designer who works on installation, printing, videoing, multimedia and performance. He has won so many awards and has been featured in many videos. He is recognized both at the local and international levels.

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AkramZaatari

This is an artist that works in photography, videoing, performance, filming and installation. He is one of the founders of the Arab Image Foundation with Fouad Elkoury, WalidRaad andSamerMoadad. Zaatari collects. His works are mostly on the socio-political affairs of the nation, especially on its effects after the war, and he also focuses on the cultural values of Lebanon. However, he limits his work precisely on the influence, territorial conflicts, confused notions, logic of religions and contradictions the historical war has on Lebanon presently.

Fouad Elkoury

He is a filmmaker and also a photographer who studied architecture. He somehow turned into a photographer in the quest to cover the after effects of the war in Lebanon. He is one of the founders of the Arab Image Foundation; a foundation that studies, collect as well as preserves Middle East and Arab Diaspora photos. His works are always done in a humorous way, but they still pass the message and real picture of the post war times. As a matter of fact, he has a unique way of presenting his photos which makes him more outstanding than the rest of the other artists.

Jalal Toufic

A filmmaker, author and an artist who has Palestinian and Iraqi origins, he focuses on the traditional Islamic religion. He is a world class artist with his own concept and ideology. He believes that he is a thinker and mortal to death.

Joana Hadjithomas and Khalil Joreige

They are filmmakers and also artists who specialize on movie and cinema works. They focus their work on the history of Lebanon, socio-political conditions in the past and present of Lebanon as well as the civil war. Although they work together, sometimes they go solo, but their artworks are always very superb and have given them a resounding recognition in the Arab world.


Art of Lebanon

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The Art of Lebanon

Published on December 5th, 2015 | by EspaceSD

Lebanon as a Country

Lebanon is a country with interesting arts and culture, which have developed with the passage of time. The Lebanese people are people from different civilizations that evolved thousands of years ago. The present day Lebanon was formerly occupied by the Phoenicians, the Assyrians, the Persians, the Greeks, the Romans, the Arabs, the Crusaders, the Ottoman Turks and finally the French. As a matter of fact, the varied cultures of all these old occupants of Lebanon make up the culture of the present day Lebanon. Lebanon is rich in culture and arts such as architecture, music, literature, festivals, dancing, tourism, cuisine, religion, etc.

It is very interesting to know that Lebanon has diversified religion, but nevertheless the culture is shared by all. The official language in Lebanon is Arabic, which is also referred to as the Lebanese Arabic, but in some cases French is also spoken.

 

Lebanon Arts

Artistic works in Lebanon are sub divided into two categories: the visual arts and the contemporary arts.

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Visual Arts in Lebanon

Visual arts have to do with artistic works which you can see and appreciate. In Lebanon, visual arts such as paintings are always very prominent. There are quite a lot of painters in Lebanon who will always ensure they add meaning and value to the art world. As a matter of fact, Lebanon is known today as a tourist area owing to her renowned visual art works. Quite a lot of people from far and wide come to Lebanon to appreciate these wonderful handworks of painters. The creativity and concepts which they apply are actually what you cannot get anywhere else in the world.

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Contemporary Arts in Lebanon

This art gained its origin in Beirut immediately after the end of the civil war, which lasted from 1975 to 1991. It includesthe alternative artwork of Anita Toutikian and also that of WalidRaad, who now lives in New York. As a matter of fact, there are two exhibition centers in Lebanon, which are the Beirut Art Center and also the Beirut Exhibition Center. Neither of these centers should be missed by art lovers. These centers exhibit artworks by:AkramZaatari, Mansour El-Habre, NadimAsfar, Jean Marc Nahas, Ayman Baalbaki, Ricardo Mbarkho, Marwan Sahmarani, Lamia Jorege, etc. The persons that run the affairs of the galleries include:GalerieAlwane, Saleh Barakat, Nadine Begdache, Agial, Odile Mazlomum, Galerie Mark Hachem, Galarie Janine Rubeiz, and FadiMagabgab.

Moreover, there are still small or temporary exhibitions of contemporary arts such as: FFA Private Bank, Bank Audi Plaza, and Bank of Lebanon Street, where paintings such as FabienneArietti’s Nasdaq and Jean Dubuffet Sculpture, Kevin Dash’s building and Michel Basbous sculpture can be found. There is also an association that was founded by Christine Tohme, Marwan Rechmaoui, Rania Tabbara, Mustapha Yamout and Leila Mroueh known as AshkalAlwan, which is a Lebanese association for plastic arts. At first, this association was formed based on critical art practices within the jurisdiction of post-war Lebanon. Also, in Lebanon there is a multidisciplinary platform referred to as the Home Works Forum, which usually takes place once every year in Beirut.It is a platform that enhances research and exchange on artistic practices in all of Lebanon.


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